Bell Flower (Campanula celsii)

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Description

The Campanula genus is a part of Campanulaceae family and the genus contains around 300 species.  Closely related species include C. rupestris, C. Andrewsii and C. topalianan.  All are very similar and they are difficult to tell apart.  The leaves of Campanula celsii are lyre-shaped and they have a large end-lobe, the basal leaves are irregularly lobed.  The flowers are bell shaped and blue or lilac, they have fine hairs on the outside and are between 18 and 30 mm long (1).

Life Cycle

It is a biennial plant and in its first year it forms a basal leaf rosette.  In its second year it produces flowering stems.  It flowers between April and July (1).

Habitat

It habituates limestone rock crevices (1).

Distribution

It can be found in southeast Greece from Mt Parnes to Euboia (1).

Conservation status

It is endemic to Greece (2).

References

Description written by Aino Helakallio (2009)

(1)   Blamey. M., and Grey-Wilson. C. (1993) Mediterranean Wild Flowers, Harper Collins Publishers

(2)   Ozinga. W.A. & Schaminée. J.H.J. (2005). Target species – Species of European concern.  A database driven selection of plant and animal species for the implementation of the Pan European Ecological Network, Wageningen, Alterra, Alterra-report 1119