( Stypopodium schimperi )

/ / Marine Flora

Description

Stypopodium schimperi has thin, fan-shaped appendages that have longitudinal tears (1; 2); their appearance is almost transparent with a brown colouration (1). The appendages are covered in rows of hair, and are without any calcification; the reproductive spores are located between the hairs (1). S. schimperi reaches a height of 100-300mm (1).

There are seven species with the genus Stypopodium (3); none of the species are listed under the IUCN Redlist (4).

Behaviour

S. schimperi is an invasive species from the Red Sea; it appears to have a high resistance to the local conditions and is without completion or predators (1).

Habitat

S. schimperi is predominantly found on well-lit areas on rocky substrates in depths of 0-20m (1).

Distribution

S. schimperi is a lessepsian migrant found through the eastern Mediterranean and the Red Sea (1).

Food

S. schimperi uses photosynthesis, as well as requiring various inorganic nutrients, such as carbon dioxide, phosphorus and fixed nitrogen (2).

Conservation Status

Not listed under the IUCN Redlist (4).

References

Description written by Ben Harvey (2009)

(1)   Cabioc’H, J., Floc’H, J. & Le Toquin, A., 1992. Guide mes algues des mers d’Europe. Paris: Delachaux et Niestle.

(2)   Graham, L.E. & Wilcox, L.W., 2000. Algae. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.

(3)   Guiry, M.D. (2009). Stypopodium J. Agardh, 1894. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2009). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=144091 on 2009-09-02

(4)   IUCN, 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. [Online] (2009.1) Available at: www.iucnredlist.org [Accessed 01 September 2009].